Bucharest, Romania

Open Campus for Neighbourhood and Climate

In Bucharest District 2, green open spaces are scarce in the dense urban environment. It is widely recognised that urban parks and green spaces do not only serve recreational needs but they also encourage positive social interactions, which cultivate social cohesion in ways that enhance well-being as well as increased social engagement. The challenge is how to create pockets of green spaces in dense urban neighbourhoods that bring about these positive healthy lifestyle and social changes. The Demo is located in the Tei area within District 2 of Bucharest, it is a neighbourhood characterised by a diverse social and cultural mix (including students, young families, elderly, small businesses, Romani and Ukranian refugees).

Demo objectives (DO)

DO1 Deep analysis of the demo site from the spatial, social, technical, and economical perspectives and based on the concept of participatory urbanism, starting from the neighbourhood level and extrapolated to the district/city scale.
DO2 Increase social cohesion by providing open spaces for socialising within the local community, addressing issues related to gender, age, health etc., The process will stimulate public engagement which can further break the barriers between vulnerable groups and to build strong social bonding.
DO3 Develop an urban regeneration model that will focus not only on spatial creation or energetic renovation (with Digital Twin assessment), but it will also bolster the development of new social and cultural values for the community with an ultimate goal of making a sustainable, inclusive, healthy and safe neighbourhood.
DO4 Evaluate the potential of creating an energy community in the Demo neighbourhood by analysing the energy demand, supply, local renewable energy potential, feasible building renovation measures as well as the social, legal, and economic drivers and barriers.
DO5 Explore ways to scale up the good practices of the ‘Urban WeGenerate Model’ and solutions from the neighbourhood level to district and city scale. Evaluate the necessary framework conditions to achieve a successful replication or re-invention in other localities.
DO6 Support the transformation of Bucharest to climate neutral by 2030 by disseminating results of WeGenerate to other districts of Bucharest with a focus on the integration of sustainable buildings and mobility, social innovation, and public-private partnership. 

List of proposed actions based on the analysis of the local challenges

1. Develop a co-designed deep retrofit solution for the local student canteen and energy smart building environment through urban sharing ecosystems. 
2. Smart and sustainable regeneration of local community public spaces within and outside the university campus.
3. Develop a sharing platform (Shared Energy Center) for sharing the energy produced in the campus with the neighbourhood.
4. Digital Twin development and testing for assessing the potential of GHG emission reduction and the creation of an energy community in the neighbourhood.
4000 inhabitants and the local school will benefit from the new open spaces and renewable energy shared by the UTCB campus. Lower carbon footprint will be achieved through the access to clean energy generated by PV and waste heat recovery.